Carnival in Uruguay – what is murga?

Murga is an instantly recognisable musical style associated with carnival. It's a uniquely Uruguayan phenomenon, with very distant roots in Cadiz, Spain.
By Karen A Higgs
Murga, Uruguay carnival
Last updated on February 11, 2021

Uruguay celebrates the longest Carnival competition in the world. But don’t expect a street Carnival like in Brazil. The Uruguayan Carnival competition is held in the evenings on small stages known as “tablados” dotted throughout Montevideo. Starting at the end of January, local Carnival groups compete for more than forty days in five different categories for the annual Carnival title.

Murga: Uruguay’s favourite musical carnival genre

It’s pretty safe to say that today Uruguay’s most popular Carnival category is murga. Murga is a uniquely Uruguayan musical theatre genre, with very distant roots in Cadiz, Spain.

Murga groups are made up of seventeen members: thirteen singers, a director and three percussionists playing cymbals, snare drum and bass drum.

Costumes and make-up will remind you of Venetian Carnival and the murgas’ very particular singing technique guarantees goose bumps!

Murga: Social critique – it’s not just the spectacle

The murga takes to the stage to criticise and make fun of society, politics and important events that have happened during the previous year in largely a cappella song. This critique is a crucial and well-loved part of every show.

Many visitors who can’t understand the lyrics are just dying to know exactly what the murgas are singing about and to understand the jokes that have the audience rolling.

And noone can watch a murga without asking themselves about the background of the groups they are seeing – many of whom were part of the social resistance during the dictatorship of the 70s and 80s.

Even if you speak Spanish there is such a lot of Uruguayan slang flying around and so many references that only someone who’s spent the last year in Uruguay following the news and media closely would get. So going with a knowledgeable guide is a great idea when you visit your first murga show.

Visit a neighbourhood murga rehearsal

If you arrive before Carnival starts, don’t worry, there’s still chance for a unique experience. Going to check out a murga rehearsal, like hundreds of locals do every evening before Carnival starts.

Rehearsals take place in local clubs and sports centres. Some are in the open air in public parks. It’s a relaxed atmosphere – at this point the murga groups are not wearing make-up or costumes.

In general, this is a very good opportunity to catch a glimpse of a typical Uruguayan cultural event. Most locals love to come to the rehearsals with their families and bring their mate. Mate, pronounced MAH-tay, is a caffeine-based tea that locals drink with a metal straw from a gourd – the tradition is also popular in Argentina and in the south of Brazil – however, most Uruguayos take it to the extreme and take their mate and thermos flask everywhere they go.

Find out more about Uruguay and Carnival

The Guru’Guay Guide to Montevideo—140 pages on the city—has a whole chapter on carnival and is a must-read

Photos: Guru’Guay




4 Responses

  1. Bueno Karen, las raíces de Cádiz no son tan distantes…en realidad el carnaval de Montevideo es muy parecido al de Cádiz. Tienen distintos tipos de agrupaciones, un concurso oficial, los mismos instrumentos, la misma forma de cantar, la crítica social y política, el humor…aquí te dejo un ejemplo de este año:
    Y se parecen porque la primera murga justamente eran artistas de Cádiz que quedaron varados a principios del siglo XX en Montevideo ( no les pagaron su contrato, eran actores) y para pagarse el pasaje de regreso hicieron lo que conocían: una murga; y se presentaron en varios sitios en carnaval. Su murga se llamó “La Gaditana Que Se Va”, y tanto exiton tuvieron que un siglo después las murgas en Uruguay siguen muy vivas. Por las dudas, murga es un nombre genérico para designar un grupo de gente que hace música. Hay (que yo sepa) murgas en Argentina, en Uruguay, en Cádiz, en Panamá…

  2. Hello Christine,

    My wife and I are planning a trip to Montevideo this jan/feb to coincide with some of your carnival events. We are looking for a private guide to help us get around. We would like to attend some of the parade events but since I am a photographer, I am more interested in involving myself rehearsals and pre-parade assemblys than sitting in the stands and watching. We are also interested in Iemanja ceremonies and similar events. Is this something you can help us with?

    1. Hi David, Karen (Guru’Guay site creator) here. You should definitely contact The Carnival Whisperer, Christine Dulin, to help you out. You’ll have to come to Uruguay earlier in January if you want to see rehearsals. I suggest you write to Christine ASAP — and please tell her you found out about her through Guru’Guay. All the very best, and we’d be super interested to see your work after it’s published, Karen

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